Why open a holding company in Norway?
A holding company is a parent company
which holds the shares and has control of its subsidiaries companies. A holding company
is often used as an investment vehicle and risk management tool. There are a number of merits of opening a holding company in Norway.
In terms of a Norwegian holding company formation
, there is no restriction on its activities nor any capital duty payable. Furthermore, Norway has a wide network of treaties
with over 80 countries which eliminates double taxation and reduces withholding tax on dividends, interest and royalties.
Though not a member of EU, Norwegian holding companies
have equal opportunities and benefits as those in EU states because Norway is part of the Inner Market under the EEA agreement. By virtue of these treaties and agreements, there is no withholding tax on dividends and interests paid to EU/ EAA subsidiaries.
How to set up a holding company in Norway?
There are two ways of opening a holding company in Norway:
2.Public Limited Liability Company (Allmennaksjeselskap - ASA)
ASA is intended for larger business and may (but does not have to be listed) on a stock exchange. Whereas, AS is an often-used vehicle for small and medium business. For further details, please refer our page on types of Norwegian companies
. Our specialists in company formation in Norway
can assist you in setting up a holding company
Taxation of holding companies explained by our experts in company registration in Norway
There is no special tax regime for holding companies in Norway. In principles, the corporate tax rate in Norway is 25% (which may be reduced to 24% in the fiscal year of 2017) on net taxable income (the sum of profits and capital gains). However, as mentioned above, holding companies in Norway enjoy the benefits under various treaties and agreements that are in place.
Dividends on shares from subsidiaries in EEA countries are exempt or 97% exempt from taxation, whereas dividends from subsidiaries in non-EEA countries is either 97% exempt or fully taxable. Gain from the sale of subsidiary in EEA countries is generally exempt from taxation. For sale of non-EEA subsidiary, gain is exempt or taxable, depending on the jurisdiction, percentage shareholding and period held.