Types of Norwegian Companies

Updated on Monday 24th October 2016

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The first question an entrepreneur must answer is what type of company he can and wishes to register. Depending on the size of the entity, organization form and the minimum share capital, Norway recognizes two main forms of business: the companies (with private or public limited liability) or the partnerships (general or limited). There are also the sole proprietorships (the smallest form of business) and the branches of the foreign companies.
 

Sole proprietorships in Norway 

A sole proprietorship is a basic form of business. The entrepreneur is liable for the gains and losses. It may not be registered at the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, if it doesn’t buy products for resale and have less than five employees, but it is advised to do that (it’s free anyway), in order to receive an organization number. Many suppliers ask for this organization number. A sole proprietorship may be changed into a limited liability company if the required criteria are met. Our experts in company registration in Norway can help you change your business structure

Private limited liability companies in Norway

A private limited liability company in Norway, known as Aksjeselskap, is based on a share capital of 100.000 NOK (13,000 EUR). Its shareholders are liable for the losses and gains but only in the limit of their contributions. The shares of a private limited liability company in Norway cannot be transferable. It is the most common form a Norwegian small or medium business can take.


Public limited liability companies in Norway

The public limited liability company (Allmennaksjeselskap) in Norway is based on a higher share capital, with transferable shares unlike the private limited liability company. The minimum share capital required is 1 mil. NOK (370,000 EUR). The shareholders are liable for the debts and earns in the limit of their contribution.

Partnerships in Norway

The partnerships are types of Norwegian companies that are based on company assembly signed by the owners and registered at the Register of Business Enterprises. This agreement must contain the following information: the name of the company, names and addresses of the liable partners, if there are capital investments, the role of the company, the address of the headquarters. A main characteristic of the partnership is that it doesn’t require a minimum share capital.

The general partnership (Ansvarlig selskap) registered in Norway must be formed by at least two active owners with unlimited liability for all the debts.

The limited liability partnership (Delt ansvar) is formed by two or more partners with different statuses. There are the active partners with unlimited liability and the silent partners with limited liability according to their contribution.

Branch offices in Norway

A  branch can be set up in Norway with no minimum share capital required. The requested data at incorporation is: the certificate of registration of the parent company, the memorandum of association and the articles of incorporation of the parent company, the minute of the meeting when the decision of opening a subsidiary was taken, the name of the Norwegian branch responsible and the address of the branch headquarters. This document must be drawn in Norwegian.

No matter the type of company chosen, investors should know that Norway is one of the most powerful countries in the world and has one of the most favorable environments for business development. If you don't know what type of company you should choose for your business in Norway, do not hesitate to contact our team of company formation agents in Norway. We will help you choose the right legal entity and we will handle the entire company registration procedure for you.


In case you need guidance on choosing the most suitable type of company in JapanHong-KongSingapore or Регистрация компаний Норвегия, we can put you in contact with our partners.

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